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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 78-85

Etiology and prevalence of fatigue in chronic liver disease: clinical view

1 Hepatogastroenterology and Endemic Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
2 Hepatogastroenterology Department, Police Hospital, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Samar K Darweesh
Hepatogastroenterology and Endemic Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, 63, Abo Dawood El-Thahery St, Cairo, 11765
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1110-7782.193892

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Introduction and aim Fatigue is one of the most common and prominent symptoms in liver cirrhosis and was reported in 60–80% of these patients. The study outcome was to prospectively evaluate the etiology and the degree of fatigue and how to improve it in chronic liver disease patients. Patients and methods A prospective cross-sectional study on fatigue in chronic liver diseases was conducted on 500 patients: 475 patients had hepatitis C virus (HCV) and 25 had combined HCV and hepatitis B virus. They were divided into five groups: group 1 included 100 patients with chronic hepatitis, group 2 included 100 patients with Child class A cirrhosis, group 3 included 100 patients with Child class B cirrhosis, group 4 included 100 patients with Child class C cirrhosis, and group 5 included 100 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). They were administered the Fatigue Impact Scale and the Fatigue Severity Scale questionnaires (translated into Arabic) as well as subjected to laboratory investigations, abdominal ultrasonography, and upper endoscopy. Results All (100%) patients complained of longstanding fatigue. HCC had the highest prevalence of high fatigue (65%) and Child class C cirrhosis had the longest fatigue duration. Female sex and anemia were significantly related to both the Fatigue Impact Scale and the Fatigue Severity Scale in each group separately and all patients collectively. Age had a significant relation with all patients collectively but not separately. Fatigue scores were related to Child score but not related to liver profile, α-fetoprotein, varices, ascites, and HCV load. Conclusion Correction of anemia, not liver profile, helps in alleviating fatigue in cirrhotic patients. Female patients suffered from fatigue more frequently compared with male patients. HCC patients had highest fatigue and patients with Child class C cirrhosis had longest fatigue indices.

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