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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 130-135

Vaspin in type 2 diabetes in relation to atherosclerosis

1 Department of Internal Medicine, Al Kasr Al Ainy Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
2 Department of Clinical and Chemical Pathology, National Research Center, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Noha A Sedik
7 Al Mahrossa Street, Ahmed Orabi, Al Mohandeseen, app 3, Giza 694
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1110-7782.145314

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Background Vaspin is a novel adipocytokine with insulin-sensitizing effects. However, it is not known whether a correlation exists between human vaspin serum levels and markers of insulin sensitivity and glucose or lipid metabolism. Aim of the work To determine whether there is an association between serum vaspin levels (a novel adipocytokine with insulin-sensitizing effects), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) and atherosclerosis. Patients and methods The study included 40 patients with T2D divided into 20 without hypertension (group 1), 20 with hypertension (group 2) and 15 age-matched and sex-matched healthy control participants (group 3). The serum vaspin level was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Its level was compared between both diabetic patients and controls, and between diabetic patients without hypertension and those with hypertension. All participants were subjected to an imaging procedure in the form of carotid Doppler to measure the intima - media thickness as an early marker of atherosclerosis. Results The serum vaspin level was significantly higher in diabetic patients compared with control participants. There was significant increase in the left carotid intima-media thickness in diabetic patients with hypertension and without hypertension compared with control participants. There was a significant positive correlation between the serum vaspin level and the BMI in diabetic patients with hypertension, a significant negative correlation between the serum vaspin level and the duration of diabetes and a significant negative correlation between the serum vaspin level and HDL in diabetic patients without hypertension. Conclusion There was a significantly high level of serum vaspin in T2D patients. Serum vaspin was shown to be significantly lower in T2D patients with a longer duration of illness. An increased carotid intima-media thickness in diabetic patients was not related to the vaspin level, denoting an underlying combining factor for atherosclerosis in diabetic patients other than vaspin.

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